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初高中阶段必须熟背的英语短语牢固搭配

时间:2021-08-04 01:22作者:雷泽体育

本文摘要:一. 接不定式(不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词afford to do sth. 肩负得起做某事agree to do sth. 同意做某事arrange to do sth.摆设做某事ask to do sth. 要求做某事beg to do sth. 请求做某事care to do sth. 想要做某事choose to do sth. 决议做某事decide to do sth. 决议做某事demand to do sth. 要求做某事determine to d

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一. 接不定式(不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词afford to do sth. 肩负得起做某事agree to do sth. 同意做某事arrange to do sth.摆设做某事ask to do sth. 要求做某事beg to do sth. 请求做某事care to do sth. 想要做某事choose to do sth. 决议做某事decide to do sth. 决议做某事demand to do sth. 要求做某事determine to do sth. 刻意做某事expect to do sth. 期待做某事fear to do sth. 畏惧做某事help to do sth. 资助做某事hope to do sth. 希望做某事learn to do sth. 学习做某事manage to do sth. 设法做某事offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事plan to do sth. 计划做某事prepare to do sth. 准备做某事pretend to do sth. 冒充做某事promise to do sth. 允许做某事refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事want to do sth. 想要做某事wish to do sth. 希望做某事二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事command sb. to do sth. 下令某人做某事drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事encourage sb. to do sth. 勉励某人做某事expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事forbid sb. to do sth. 克制某人做某事force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事help sb. to do sth. 资助某人做某事intend sb. to do sth. 计划要某人做某事invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事mean sb. to do sth. 计划要某人做某事need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事order sb. to do sth. 下令某人做某事permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事trouble sb. to do sth. 贫苦某人做某事want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事三. 接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的34个常用动词admit doing sth. 认可做某事advise doing sth. 建议做某事allow doing sth. 允许做某事appreciate doing sth. 感谢做某事avoid doing sth. 制止做某事consider doing sth. 思量做某事delay doing sth. 推迟做某事deny doing sth. 否认做某事discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事fancy doing sth. 设想做某事finish doing sth. 完成做某事forbid doing sth. 克制做某事forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事give up doing sth. 放弃做某事imagine doing sth. 想象做某事keep doing sth. 保持做某事mention doing sth. 提及做某事mind doing sth. 介意做某事miss doing sth. 错过做某事pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事permit doing sth. 允许做某事practice doing sth. 训练做某事prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事prohibit doing sth. 克制做某事put off doing sth. 推迟做某事report doing sth. 陈诉做某事risk doing sth. 冒险做某事stop doing sth. 停止做某事suggest doing sth. 建议做某事understand doing sth. 明白做某事四. 接现在分词作宾补的20个常用动词bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事feel sb. doing sth. 感受某人做某事find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人正在做某事look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事observe sb. doing sth. 视察某人做某事prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事see sb. doing sth. 瞥见某人做某事send sb. doing sth. 使某人(突然)做某事set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事watch sb. doing sth. 视察某人正在做某事五. 接动词原形作宾补的11个常用动词feel sb. do sth. 感受某人做了某事have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事let sb. do sth.让某人做某事listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做了某事make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做了某事observe sb. do sth. 视察某人做了某事see sb. do sth. 瞥见某人做了某事watch sb. do sth. 视察某人做了某事六. 接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁肯做某事begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 贫苦做某事intend to do sth / intend doing sth. 计划做某事attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事七. 接不定式或动名词作宾语意思差别的7个动词(1) remember to do sth. 记着要做某事remember doing sth. 记着曾做过某事(2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事(3) regret to do sth. 忏悔(遗憾)要做某事regret doing sth. 忏悔(遗憾)曾做过某事(4) try to do sth. 努力去做某事try doing sth. 实验做某事(5) mean to do sth. 计划做某事mean doing sth. 意味着做某事(6) can’t help to do sth. 不能资助做某事can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事(7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事八. 可接双宾语的38个常用动词(1) 双宾语易位需借助介词to的常用动词award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb.颁奖给某人bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某带给某人hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb.把某物递给某人lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb把某物借给ail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb把某物寄给某人offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb.把某物递给某人pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给某人钱post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb.把某物寄给某人read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb 把某物读给某人听return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb 拿某物招待某人show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb 把某物给某人看take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb 把某物带给某人teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某事tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某事throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb 把某物扔给某人write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给某人写某事(2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb.为某人去取某物find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb 为某订购某物pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱歌spare sb. sth. = spare sth.for sb 为某人让出某物steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物九. 可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的8个常见动词accuse sb. of sth. 控诉某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事cheat sb. fo sth. 骗取某人某物cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事)remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事)rid sb. of sth. 使某人挣脱某物rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某工具warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况十. 可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的8个常见动词blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事criticize sb. for doing sth. 品评某人做某事forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事punish sb. for doing sth. 处罚某人做某事scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人做某事thank sb. for doing sth. 谢谢某人做某事十一. 可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的9个常见动词cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做某事persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事十二. 容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物词误:deal a problem正:deal with a problem 处置惩罚问题误:depend sb.正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人误:insist doing sth.正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事误:knock the door正:knock on [at] the door 敲门误:operate sb.正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术误:participate sth.正:participate in sth. 到场某事误:refer sth.正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物误:rely sb. / sth.正:rely on sb. / sth. 依靠(依赖)某人(某物)误:reply a letter正:reply to a letter 回信十三. 容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词误:serve for sb.正:serve sb. 为某人服务误:marry with sb.正:marry sb. 与某人完婚误:discuss about sth.正:discuss sth. 讨论某事误:mention about sth.正:mention sth. 提到某事误:enter into a room正:enter a room 进入房间误:contact with sb.正:contact sb. 与某人联系误:equal to sth.正:equal sth. 即是某物误:ring to sb.正:ring sb. 给某人打电话十四. 17个常用“be+形容词+about”结构be angry about 为……生气be anxious about 为……担忧be careful about 当心……be certain about 确定……be curious about 对……好奇be disappointed about 对……失望be excited about 对……感应兴奋be glad about 对……感应兴奋be happy about 为……感应兴奋be hopeful about 对……抱有希望be mad about 对……入迷be nervous about 为……感应不安be particular about 对……讲求/挑剔be sad about 为……而惆怅be serious about 对……认真be sure about 对……有掌握be worried about 为……担忧十五. 10个常用“be+形容词+at”结构be angry at 为……生气be bad at 不善于……be clever at 擅长于……be disappointed at 对……失望be expert at 在……方面是内行be good at 善于……be mad at 对……发怒be quick at 在……方面敏捷be skilful at 在……方面熟练be slow at 在……方面缓慢十六. 18个常用“be+形容词+for”结构be anxious for 盼望be bad for 对……有害,对……倒霉be bound for 前往be celebrated for 以……着名be convenient for 对……利便,在……四周be eager for盼望be famous for 因……闻名be fit for 合适,适合be good for 对……有益(利便)be grateful for 谢谢be hungry for 盼望获得be late for 迟到be necessary for 对……有须要be ready for 为……准备好be sorry for 因……歉仄be suitable for 对……合适(适宜)be thankful for 因……而感谢be well-known for 以……着名十七. 6个常用“be+形容词+from”结构be absent from 缺席,不在be different from 与……差别be far from 离……远,远远不be free from 没有,免受be safe from 没有……的危险be tired from 因……而疲劳十八. 13个常用“be+形容词+in”结构be concerned in 与……有关be disappointed in 对(某人)感应失望be engaged in 从事于,忙于be experienced in 在……方面有履历be expert in 在……方面是行家be fortunate in 在……方面幸运be honest in 在……方面老实be interested in 对……感兴趣be lack in 缺乏be rich in 富于,在……方面富有be skilful in 擅长于be successful in 在……方面乐成be weak in 在……方面不行十九. 18个常用“be+形容词+of”结构be afraid of 畏惧be ashamed of 为……感应羞愧be aware of 意识到,知道be capable of 能够be careful of 小心,留心be certain of 确定,对……有掌握be fond of 喜欢be free of 没有,挣脱be full of 充满be glad of 为……而兴奋be nervous of 畏惧be proud of 为……自豪be short of 缺乏be shy of 欠好意思be sick of 对……厌倦be sure of 肯定,有掌握be tired of 对……厌烦be worthy of 只得,配得上二十. 20个常用“be+形容词+to”结构be accustomed to 习惯于be blind to 对……视而不见be close to 靠近,靠近be cruel to 对……残酷,对……无情be devoted to 献身,专心于be equal to 即是,能胜任be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉be harmful to 对……有危害be important to 对……重要p;be open to 对……开放,易受到be opposed to 阻挡,不赞成be opposite to 在……劈面,和……相反be polite to 对……有礼貌be related to 与……有关(是亲戚)be respectful to 尊敬be rude to 对……无礼be similar to 与……相似be true to 忠实于,信守be used to 习惯于be useful to 对……有用二十一. 16个常用be+形容词+with结构be angry with 对(某人)生气be bored with 对……厌烦be busy with 忙于be careful with 小心be concerned with 关于,与……有关be content with 以……为满足be delighted with 对……感应兴奋be disappointed with 对(某人)失望be familiar with 熟悉,醒目be honest with 对(某人)真诚be ill with 患……病be patient with 对(某人)有耐心be pleased with 对……满足(兴奋)be popular with 受……接待be satisfied with 对……满足be strict with 对(某人)严格二十二. 24个常用“in+其他词+of”结构in advance of 在……前面in aid of 资助in behalf of 为了,为了……的利益in case of 如果,万一,以防in celebration of 庆祝in charge of 卖力,治理in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝in defence of 守卫in explanation of 解释in face of 面临in favour of 赞成,主张in front of 在……前面in honor of 纪念,祝贺,接待in memory of 纪念in need of 需要in place of 取代in possession of 拥有in praise of 歌颂in respect of 关于,就……而言in search of 寻找,搜找in sight of 看得见,在瞥见……的地方in spite of 虽然,只管in support of 为了支持(拥护)……in view of 鉴于,思量到二十三. 27个带to doing sth.的常用结构1. 动词+介词to+动名词(1) admit to doing sth. 认可做了某事(2) apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事(3) object to doing sth. 阻挡做某事(4) see to doing sth. 卖力做某事(5) stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事(6) take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事2. 动词+宾语+介词to+动名词(1) apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于做某事(2) devote sth. to doing sth. 把……献给做某事(3) devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事(4) limit sth. to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的规模内(5) reduce sb. to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事3. 动词+名词+介词to+动名词(1) give one’s life to doing sth. 献身于做某事(2) give one’s mind to doing sth. 专心做某事(3) have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某事(4) have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事(5) have an objection to doing sth. 阻挡(反感)做某事(6) pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事(7) set one’s mind to doing sth. 刻意做某事4. be+形容词+介词to+动名词(1) be equal to doing sth. 即是做某事,能胜任做某事(2) be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事(3) be opposed to doing sth. 阻挡做某事(4) be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事(5) be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱,精神等)献给做某事(6) be limited to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的规模内5. 其他结构+介词to+动名词(1) get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认真处置惩罚某事(2) look forward to doing sth. 盼愿做某事(3) What do you say to doing sth? 你认为做某事如何?
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